Annual – Plants that complete their life cycle in one year or less (grow from seed to seed).
Anthelmintic – Herbs that expel parasitic worms either by stunning or killing them.
Antidepressant – Herbs used for the treatment of depression and other conditions.
Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation in the body.
Antineoplastic – Herbs which inhibit or prevent the growth or development of malignant cells.
Antispasmodic – Relieves spasms in the body.
Antioxidant – Herbs that that may protect cells against the effects of free radicals.
Antivenomous – Having the ability to neutralize venom in the body.
Aphrodisiac – Herbs that elevate, nourish and/or sustain intimacy and sensual desire
Appetite stimulant – Stimulates the appetite.
Aromatic – Plants with high volatile oil levels which smell strongly, stimulating the digestive system.
Asthma – A disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.
Astringent – Herbs that tend to shrink or constrict body tissues.
Biennial – Plants that take 2 years to complete their life cycle. The first year they grow leaves only, the second year they produce flowers, fruits and seeds.
Bitter tonic – Herbs that support the digestive system, boost immunity and promote overall vitality.
Calmative – Having a soothing effect.
Carminative – Inducing the expulsion of gas from the stomach and intestines.
Cholagogue – Herbs that support the gall bladder and liver by promoting the flow of bile from the gall bladder into the intestines.
Deciduous – Plants that seasonally lose their leaves.
Decoction – A tea-like drink of herbs produced by boiling the herb in water.
Decongestant – Helps to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract.
Demulcent – Herbs that form a soothing film over mucus membranes to relieve pain and minor inflammation of that area.
Diaphoretic – Promotes sweating, helpful for relieving a fever through perspiration.
Digestive – Aids in digestion.
Diuretic – Stimulates the flow of urine.
Dysmenorrhea – Medical term for menstrual cramps.
Dyspepsia – The medical term for indigestion.
Emmenagogue – Stimulates blood flow in the pelvic area; can bring on menstruation.
Expectorant – Promotes and facilitates the discharge of mucus and fluids from the respiratory tract.
Extract – Also referred to as tincture. Preparations made by extracting, and preserving, the active properties of herbs using alcohol.
Febrifuge – Herbs that reduce fever.
Galactagogue – Increases the milk supply in a lactating woman.
Hemostatic – Works to slow or stop bleeding or hemorrhaging.
Hepaprotective – Herbs that protect and prevent damage to the liver.
Hypotensive – Reduces blood pressure.
Lithotriptic - Herbs that help dissolve calculus.
Nervine – Having a beneficial effect on the nervous system
Perennial – Plants that die back to the roots after a complete growing cycle and return from the roots the next growing season.
Regenerative – Herbs that have the ability to regenerate, restore or renew tissue in the body.
Relaxant – Calming and soothing without being sedating
Resinous – A thick, sticky substance that is secreted from a plant.
Stimulant – Energizes a system of the body.
Stomachic – Herbs that tone the stomach, improving its function and increasing appetite.
Styptic – Stops bleeding by constricting tissue and blood vessels.
Tonic – Herbs that restore or increase body tone.
Urogenital System – The combination of the reproduction organs and urinary system.